Learn about the connection between this common comorbidity for your patients with obesity and how it can affect their health
It is estimated that nearly half of all people with obesity also have obstructive sleep apnea1
Obesity is associated with fat deposition in the upper respiratory tract, which can lead to mechanical, hormonal, and inflammatory effects, impacting the severity of OSA.2,3
Mechanical load increase
reduced CNS activity and upper airway control
Oxidative stress increase
lowered upper airway function
*This study was a population-based, prospective cohort study of 690 patients that measured the independent longitudinal association between weight change and change in sleep-disordered breathing severity.
†The intent of this study was to determine the prevalence of OSA in 290 patients with obesity presenting for weight-loss surgery.
25 kg/m2 to 34.9 kg/m2
35 kg/m2 to 40 kg/m2
40 kg/m2 to <50 kg/m2
50 kg/m2 to <60 kg/m2
AACE guidelines recommend a weight-loss goal of 7% to 11% or more for patients with obesity and obstructive sleep apnea.6
Obesity is caused by a range of factors
1. Romero-Corral A, Caples SM, Lopez-Jimenez F, Somers VK. Interactions between obesity and obstructive sleep apnea: implications for treatment. Chest. 2010;137(3):711-719.
2. Dobrosielski DA, Papandreou C, Patil SP, Salas-Salvado J. Diet and exercise in the management of obstructive sleep apnoea and cardiovascular disease risk. Eur Respir Rev. 2017;26(144):160110.
3. Jehan S, Zizi F, Pandi-Perumal SR, et al. Obstructive sleep apnea and obesity: implications for public health. Sleep Med Disord. 2017;1(4):00019.
4. Peppard PE, Young T, Palta M, Dempsey J, Skatrud J. Longitudinal study of moderate weight change and sleep-disordered breathing. JAMA. 2000;284(23):3015-3021.
5. Lopez PP, Stefan B, Schulman CI, Byers PM. Prevalence of sleep apnea in morbidly obese patients who presented for weight loss surgery evaluation: more evidence for routine screening for obstructive sleep apnea before weight loss surgery. Am Surg. 2008;74(9):834-838.
6. Garvey WT, Mechanick JI, Brett EM; and Reviewers of the AACE/ACE Obesity Clinical Practice Guidelines. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology comprehensive clinical practice guidelines for medical care of patients with obesity. Endocr Pract. 2016;22(suppl 3):1-203.