Healthy eating and physical activity

When discussing treatment for weight management with your patients, incorporating healthy eating and physical activity habits should always be included along with any potential discussion about medical or surgical treatment options available.1

Patients who have struggled with excess weight may take some time to adopt new healthy habits. As you approach the topic of healthy eating and activity habits with your patients, focus on achievable steps patients can take toward sustainable behavioral changes.

Your discussion of individual healthy eating and activity habits started in the Initial Questions section. You can revisit that discussion by restating or summarizing their responses to those questions.

Patient Eve

Patients should be encouraged to keep a food and physical activity journal to keep track of all the foods and drinks they consume. Also ask them to record things like2:

  • Hunger level before and after eating
  • Time spent active and what types of activity
  • Overall feelings about the lifestyle changes they are making

Patients should be encouraged to bring their journal to each appointment to discuss general patterns.

Health care professionals are encouraged to provide positive feedback for progress made.

Also in Talking With Patients:


Related Information

The Science of Obesity

Learn about the science behind the causes, effects, and management of obesity.


  1. Garvey WT, Garber AJ, Machanick JI, et al. American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists and American College of Endocrinology position statement on the 2014 advanced framework for a new diagnosis of obesity as a chronic disease. Endocr Pract. 2014;20(9):977-989.
  2. Fabricatore AN. Behavior therapy and cognitive-behavioral therapy of obesity: is there a difference? J Am Diet Assoc. 2007;107(1):92-99.